This website is entirely my own creation and has nothing to do with any former employers. Not only do I accept all responsibility but also I assert all rights over the site's content. The views expressed are entirely personal and not endorsed by the UK actuarial profession, at least not yet, and my work has not been peer reviewed. Thanks are due to those who have discussed the issues… and to those who have refused to engage. Family and friends have been supportive, for which I remain grateful.

For the avoidance of doubt, I am not criticising either scheme actuaries or the pension regulator, just the framework within which they are forced to operate.

Some pages may appear repetitive but I don't know which route you'll take. Several pages have little content - deliberately. Although I have removed the symbol, all amounts are in sterling. Nothing on this website constitutes “advice”.

Although this website has a lot in common with “smoothfunding”, this one is rather simpler.  There, several years ago, I started trying to deal with defined benefit pensions (which I intend to revisit when I can) whereas I am now only dealing with really simple contracts where the payments are certain. My basic question is why we think we can get complex stuff right if we can't get the basics correct - which I regret I rather doubt. We need much more balance between short term and long term views.

Typically, any financial entity's assets and liabilities are periodic cashflows over time, short or long; capital values are only poor representations of those cashflows. Consistency between future cashflows in both directions should be sought. However convenient it may have been in the past to represent them by scalar values, that approach conceals far more than is revealed. Given the enormous computing power now readily available, there is no good reason to retain scalars instead of using stochastic projections, so allowing stakeholders a more direct choice of risk appetite.

However, as scalars are still required by the regulators, at least in UK DB pension space, this website starts by considering how to derive “discount rates” as sensibly as we can. We will need to deal with some terminology and background. We can then move on to the contracts considered, the other variables taken into account and pricing approaches, following which we can look at outcomes, shown as dynamic  charts (now all in HTML5 rather than in Flash).

We had a new TPR consultation during 2020, upon which my comments are here. With more since then, I have really lost interest because I regard TPR as the problem. More recently, we’ve had the Mansion House proposals. While it’s still too early to sense what’s really happening, they’re hardly compatible with TPR’s risk aversion.

Ultimately, I am driven to the conclusion that actuaries should stop using discount rates alone for long-term projects with specified intended outcomes because cashflows are the key elements and scalars alone are inappropriate. As mentioned above, if we can't even do simple stuff, can we really solve complex problems?

Jon  17 Oct 2023